Authentic Turkoman Tribal Tumar Necklace
comes with a tie, or you can use your own to fit any size neck
the fourth pic shows an example of how the Tumar opens!
made from new and old parts by Afghan refugee craftsmen
One of a Kind
This incredible ONE OF A KIND Turkoman Tribal TUMAR Necklace is great for BELLY DANCE, Tribal Dance, or wearing to that special Tribal Party or event!. HANDMADE.
While the majority of Turkoman population is in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and even as far West as northern Iraq, there are a half million Turkoman residing within Afghanistan today. The Turkoman of Afghanistan are primarily of the Ersari and Tekke tribes, and are nomadic with the Kuchi. Interaction between tribes, both in rural areas and within refugee camps, led to the sharing of some traditions, and jewelry styles.
Tribal structure always has been complex, and in the Turkmen-language terminology the largest groupings, what Western scholarship calls tribes, are called khalk, il, or taipa. In the past, Turkmen tribes remained relatively isolated and politically independent from one another. All tribes possessed specific distinguishing features. Their dialects differed greatly, and in terms of material culture each large tribe had a unique carpet pattern, clothing, headgear, and brand of identification. The extended family is the basic and most important social and economic unit among the Turkmen. Grouped according to clan, small bands of Turkmen families live as nomads in their traditional regions and consolidated only in time of war or celebration. In most cases, the families were entirely self-sufficient, subsisting on their livestock and at times on modest agricultural production. Families continue to be closeknit and often raise more than five children. In both rural and urban areas, respect for elders is great.
The importance of the role of marriage in the tribal system is due to the need for manpower. Women play an important role in the tribal system, because they, like men, are productive, and they make felt, spin wool, weave carpets and cloths, milk cows and sheep, prepare dairy products for the family, build cottages and help with men in cultivation, maintenance and harvesting of agricultural products. Most important, they give birth to children. Hence raising a family gives the new marriage added power and respect, which is why elaborate and glorious ceremonies and rites are observed in the case of courting and wedding.
Turkoman society is different that other Muslim societies. Although a division of labor has existed and women usually were not visible actors in political affairs, Turkmen women never wore the veil or practiced strict seclusion. They generally possessed a host of highly specialized skills and crafts, especially those connected with the household and its maintenance. This caused particular difficulty in Aghanistan under Taliban rule, and so many Turkmen left to become refugees in Pakistan.